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Photo snaiper

The “photo snaiper” – precision long-distance photography Spies nearly always need to take photographs, and sometimes from very difficult positions, either close up or from a distance. Seeking to enable agents to conduct long-distance surveillance operations, the Soviet company KMZ (Krasnogorsker Mechanikfabrik) developed an exceptional long-range camera: the Photo Snaiper. Based close to Moscow, the

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Bulgarian umbrella

The “Bulgarian umbrella” – examining the theory of a spectacular murder Poisoned in London on 7 September 1978, the Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov told the doctors treating him that he believed he had been poisoned by the KGB, mentioning a man with an umbrella. Surgeons found a tiny projectile in Markov’s thigh, from which the

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Observation complex

Pinhole objective and binocular viewer as the tools of the trade in a Romeo and honey trap This was the equipment used by the Stasi in the 1980s to keep tabs on goings-on in closed rooms. Enabling operatives to view proceedings from an adjoining room, the East German security services were able to spy on

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Transmitter

An encryption device for Stasi operatives abroad Stasi agents abroad used this encryption device to send coded messages to their superiors in East Berlin. The most well-known user of such a device was the West German Rainer Rupp (codename Topas) who spied for the East Germans at NATO Headquarters in Brussels between 1977 and 1989.

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Enigma des Deutschen Spionagemuseum

Enigma

Enigma – the name covering a thousand riddles Enigma is perhaps the best-known encryption machine of the Second World War. Derived from the Ancient Greek word for “riddle” (and not “secret” as is often claimed) it served as the name for a range of different machine versions. Developed in 1918 by the German engineer Arthur

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